In the wake of the Revolutionary War, America’s governance under the Articles of Confederation proved inadequate, plagued by economic woes and internal conflicts like Shays’ Rebellion. This unrest catalyzed the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, where luminaries like Washington, Madison, and Franklin convened. Originally tasked with revising the Articles, the delegates soon embarked on the creation of an entirely new constitution. After intense debate and landmark compromises, including the Great Compromise and the Three-Fifths Compromise, they forged the U.S. Constitution on September 17, 1787. This new document heralded a fortified federal government while upholding states’ rights.